Wednesday, January 25, 2017

Reflections: Outliers

Malcolm Gladwell is a talented writer. Unlike many authors, he is able to write about potentially banal topics in a fresh and neoteric way. Having read The Tipping Point, I had a good idea as to what to expect with Outliers and found some familiar territory and style. Outliers is a good book, worthy of challenge and discussion.

Outliers purports to be "The Story of Success." Rather, it seeks to subvert some of our cultural and societal expectations of how success is achieved. In many ways, it seeks to undercut the myth of the rags to riches, scrappy loner, clawing and climbing his or her way to the top all by their lonesome. In Gladwell's words: "No one - not rock stars, not professional athletes, not software billionaires, and not even geniuses - ever makes it alone." Gladwell provides, with convincing clarity, that the most successful among us were assisted by incredible opportunities, family relationships, cultural heritage, and sometimes blind luck. All of this true; however, I did feel the book emphasized too much the circumstantial elements of success toward the beginning of the book. Regardless of circumstances, as Gladwell points out, unless an individual is willing and engaged in taking advantage of opportunities, then it doesn't matter how serendipitous their circumstances are. Having said that, I do feel the book corrected its emphasis repeatedly and kept things in focus. Of the several ideas presented in the book, the 10,000 hours rule (which has plenty of critics) is perhaps the most popular and well-known, and that idea clearly emphasizes the importance of hard work.

Parenthetically, I think the book, like most commentaries on "success," has too specific a definition of success. Success isn't necessarily (and shouldn't be) linked most directly to material and financial acquirement. Those who are considered "poor" can be perfectly successful when that word is more broadly defined. Furthermore, an exceptionally wealthy person could be considered, according to certain definitions, to be a very unsuccessful person. Consider, for example, the following axiom, which I consider to be wise and true: "[N]o other success can compensate for failure in the home" (David O. McKay).  The outliers detailed in Gladwell's book are outliers of a certain kind but not necessarily the most important kind.

Continuing on, perhaps the idea I found most interesting in Outliers was its exploration of the impact of cultural heritage and legacy. The discussion of plane crashes and the cultural communication problems which appear to be their cause was enthralling. As someone professionally and personally interested in communication and its impact, I found the insights provided by Outliers to be supremely useful and applicable. There is education to be found here, regardless of whether you agree or disagree with Gladwell's conclusions and prescriptions.

I enjoyed Outliers. Although not a monumental achievement, and no doubt deconstructed and "debunked" by many after so many years of being published, the book is a fine contribution to the conversation regarding success, opportunity, and hard work.

Other Topics of Interest:
Reflections: Contagious: Why Things Catch On
Reflections: Steve Jobs
Reflections: Thinking, Fast and Slow

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